The Iraqi city of Mosul recorded two different scenes: the first was the arrival of the Pope of the Vatican to the city, on Sunday, carrying the message of peace and mercy, and the second: the Pope’s prayer summoned him for the victims of those affected by ISIS, as the city witnessed years ago the announcement of the murdered ISIS leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi The establishment of the so-called Islamic Caliphate on lands extending across Iraq and Syria.
In June 2014, ISIS announced that it had established an “Islamic State” on the lands it controlled in both Iraq and Syria.
He announced the change of his name from “the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant” to the “Islamic State” only.
On July 4, 2014, Al-Baghdadi appeared for the first time in public, where he delivered the Friday sermon at the Al-Nuri Mosque Historic site in Mosul. And Muslims around the world demanded allegiance to the caliphate.
Before declaring the caliphate, ISIS seized Mosul, the second largest city in Iraq, in June 2014, and moved south amid a complete retreat of Iraqi forces, to finally take over Saddam Hussein’s hometown of Tikrit.
The organization committed massacres that killed thousands, and launched a bloody racist campaign against Christians in Iraq.
On October 7, 2019, US forces announced Al-Baghdadi, the leader of ISIS, was killed in an airstrike, but this incident did not put an end to the bloody acts of violence still practiced by ISIS followers.
Pope: Thousands were killed and displaced
On the other side, Sunday, the Pope of the Vatican held a prayer in the Hosh Al-Baya Church for those affected by the war in Mosul, and the Pope from Mosul said that the “tragic decrease” in the number of Christians in the Middle East is a “grave harm that cannot be estimated.”
As the women chanted and a white dove was released in a sign of peace, Pope Francis inaugurated a memorial to the dead. He prayed “for the victims of war and armed conflict,” stressing that “hope is stronger than death, and peace is stronger than war.”
And the Pope said in his speech, Sunday, from Mosul, “It is extremely cruel that this country should be. , The cradle of civilizations, has been subjected to such an inhuman storm, which destroyed the ancient places of worship, ”adding that“ thousands of thousands of people, Muslims, Christians, Yazidis and others have been forcibly displaced or killed. ”
Destroyed in 2017 during the battle to expel ISIS from the city, with an armored vehicle. The Pope was transported by helicopter from the nearby city of Erbil to Mosul, on the third and final day of his historic visit to Iraq. Five Iraqi military helicopters escorted his helicopter.