International Women’s Day, which has been celebrated annually on March 8, for more than a century, has been a symbol of women’s struggle and demands for the promotion of women’s rights in the face of discrimination and inequality.
The first initiative to designate a day returns. For women’s issues until 1909 and was behind the American Socialist Party.
However, the principle of establishing an International Women’s Day was approved by the International Conference of Socialist Women in August 1910 in Copenhagen with the impetus of the German Clara Zetkin, but without specifying History.
A new dimension in developed countries
In that period, women’s voices rejecting discrimination in work and demanding the right to vote took on a wider dimension in developed countries.
The women’s suffrage movement for women arose in 1903 in Britain, where women gained this right (from the age of 30) in 1918.
The first version of Women’s Day dates back to International until March 19, 1911, when more than a million people demonstrated for the rights of women in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland.
In Early years, these days were related to me He led to the workers’ and socialist movements. In 1914, socialist women gathered on March 8th to specifically demand women’s suffrage, and this date witnessed the first actual demonstration.
After forgetting the occasion for a period following the outbreak of World War I in 1914, International Women’s Day witnessed a new beginning. In Russia.
On March 8, 1917 (February 23 according to the Russian calendar), demonstrations took place in St. Petersburg (Petrograd at the time) by workers who were demanding bread and the return of men from the battlefronts.
The Russian Woman … the Tsar … and Lenin
This is the first chapter in a series of events that led to the tsar’s abdication and the Russian Revolution. Lenin declared this date an official day to celebrate women on the occasion of this “first day of the official revolution.”
After World War II, the date of March 8 in all the countries of the Eastern Bloc became a day to celebrate women and communism.
Symbolism of the date of March 8
Since the beginning of the seventies of the twentieth century, Western feminist movements have clung to this symbolic date and have made it a major station in the march of the struggle for equality and political and social rights, and from For the sake of legalizing abortion and equality in employment. In 1977, the United Nations and other international organizations declared the eighth of March “International Women’s Day.”
There were many demonstrations in the five continents on the eighth of March 2010 on the occasion of the first centenary of the launch of International Women’s Day.
The United Nations chose to focus on equality in work and society through a title for this anniversary, which is “Equal Rights, Equal Opportunities: Provided for All.”