What is Northern Ireland protocol and why is it back in in news?
protocol was part of British divorce agreement with Brexit in 2019 with European Union. To avoid overlay trade- customs border between the republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland put one in Irish Sea between Great Britain and Northern Ireland, which in effect the rest of EU trading block This needs to be checked on some goods entering Northern Ireland from the UK. Unionists say it undermines Northern Ireland in UK and may lead towards an economic united Ireland. issue returned to the spotlight because the democratic unionist party (DUP) says He will not join a new chief executive of Stormont, unless Boris Johnson’s Tory government changes protocol.
Why is it important?
Northern Ireland just there were elections for a new Stormont Assembly, which should form the executive branch – decentralized government with ministers – on Thursday. Power sharing rules require DUP involvement. Failure to do so paralyzes the executive creating a stalemate that destabilizes Northern Ireland.
What can the UK government do about it?
Downing Street would like unilaterally change or even reset protocol This will please Brexiters and Unionists. But that would be trigger a trade war with EU, darken the economic gloom and shatter Johnson’s aging promise to “make Brexit happen”. So prime ministers team he is expected to try to convince the EU to soften protocol, with familiar mixture of threats, boasting and warnings. There is no guarantee of compromise. BUT trade war can still happen.
What would a compromise look like? like?
The European Commission may expand list of products that are not subject to inspection in the ports of Northern Ireland and counterfeit any role European Court of justice It has in control protocol. However, EU Vice President Maros Sefcovic played down perspective of big concessions. “The EU has already shown a lot of flexibility, offering effective and reliable solutions, and we are ready to continue the discussion.” Irish government supported this position.
Where will this leave Northern Ireland?
In limbo. Barring an unlikely breakthrough, Stormont’s leadership will turn into a zombified administration this week. in which civil servants and ministers from the outgoing executive branch continue basic functions, but cannot accept big decisions or run new initiatives. The executive branch has limited budgetary powers, which are mainly concentrated in Westminster, but may steps lighten the region cost of Crises of life and health. If there is no leader after six months, Northern Ireland secretary of staff, Brandon Lewis, should call elections.
What will happen to DUP?
If a protocol significantly altered, Sir Geoffrey Donaldson might try to sell it to his party like victory and lead it’s in new executive, even one with Sinn Féin first minister restoration of appearance of normality. He could reject any deal as unacceptable. In any case, he could also demand a new elections to put a deal in front of the voters in hope DUP overtakes Sinn Féin as the biggest party, which gives it the right to nominate first minister. Majority people in Northern Ireland support in protocol while most unions oppose it, with the most radical critics jerking Donaldson into a tough stance.
What does Sinn Féin say?
Having just overtook DUP – first time nationalist party It has won most votes in Northern Ireland – Sinn Féin may appoint deputy leader Michelle O’Neill to position first minister. Previously, she was Deputy first minister post with equal power but less prestige. Sinn Féin previously brought down Stormont over ranks with DUP, but this time he promises to make it work to polish his image in Republic of Ireland where he hopes win power in in next elections.
What about other parties in Northern Ireland?
Alliance, centrist, non-aligned party and other moderates such as Ulster Unionists and Social Democrats and Labor. party want executive body formed as soon as possible no matter what of what’s going on with protocol. Alliance claimed for turn in in rules Then no one party can block the formation of administration.