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Watchdog report says Trump and Biden administration decisions led to collapse of Afghan security forces

Interim Report of the Special Inspector General for USA called for the reconstruction of Afghanistan decision leave – conceived by the Trump administration in 2020 and implemented by the Biden administration in 2021 is “the most important factor” behind collapse of Afghan National Defense and Security Forces.

Inspector general report which also assign substantial blame on decisions made on former Afghan President Ashraf Ghani one of the deepest research to date on the causes behind amazing fall of Afghan government last summer when the Taliban quickly took control of Afghanistan on the background full US exit after 20-year war.

Interim report is another damning accusation of in failed planning and strategy what hindered the vision of America for Afghanistan, even if special inspector general John Sopko wrote that the final collapse was “predictable”. USA repeatedly set goals for Afghan military that were unattainable, implemented metrics that ensured success when entangled real problems and poured resources into solutions that only exacerbated the problems they were intended to solve. fix.

“In 20 years of training and developmentANDSF never became cohesive, meaningful force capable of operating on your own. US and Afghan governments share in wine, – inspector general wrote. “No one side seemed to have a political commitment to do everything possible to resolve challenges, including the allocation of time and resources needed to develop a professional ANDSF, a multi-generational process. In fact, the efforts of the United States and Afghanistan to develop an effective and sustainable security sector are likely to fail at first. February 2020 decision to commit to fast USA military leaving sealed the ANDSF’s fate.”

Doha Agreement signed by the Trump administration and the Taliban in February 2020 broke the fragile fighting spirit of Afghan military, according to the SIGAR report. Pentagon, over For 20 years they tried to create a “mirror image of the United States.” military,” Report found — something that never materialized and had to required years more training and assistance.

By 2020, Afghan forces were still relying too heavily on on US personnel and support despite $90 billion of US investment over well of war.

The Pentagon has defended its decades of training and equipping the ANDSF, claiming that an independent Afghan military supported by the USA support was “nearly within reach”.

“Although not perfect faced with many residual challenges such as rampant corruption and desertion, ANDSF has grown to demonstrate competence in securing a majority of Afghanistan population centers and adopted over all offensive operations against The Taliban comprise the vast majority of airstrikes,” Defense Department spokesman Army Major Rob Lodevik said.

decline of air strikes

After the agreement with Taliban, other factors also obstructed the Afghan security forces. Inspector general wrote that the United States held more over 7400 airstrikes in 2019 but limited them to the following year only up to 1600, almost half of what happened in two months before the agreement between the US and the Taliban.

Reduction in airstrikes, the report said, left Afghan forces “without key advantage in keep the Taliban at bay.”

The Department of Defense stated that reduced the strikes were a reflection of U.S. commitment to the Doha Accord, which called for for ending strikes against Taliban. The Afghan Air Force continued to conduct unilateral actions”defensive strikes,” Lodevik said.

Conclusion of US contractors last year worsened even more of Afghan air force. Former commander of the Afghan army corps, General Sami Sadat, told investigators that after the departure of American contractors, every aircraft with battle damage or in need of maintenance was grounded. “In business of months, 60 percent of The black hawks have been stopped with not Afghan or American government I plan to bring them back to life,” Sadat said, according to the report.

Afghan National Army troops watching US forces left Bagram airfield in in north of    Kabul, Afghanistan, on July 5, 2021 Afghan National Army troops watching US forces left Bagram airfield in in north of    Kabul, Afghanistan, on July 5, 2021

Report also criticized way United States military left Bagram airfield in July 2021, stating that US forces left the base at night without notifying new Afghan base commander

“United States military also shut off electricity, which allowed the looters to loot the base before security forces regained control,” the inspector said. general wrote. “While U.S. and Afghan officials disputed the circumstances of US departure, which US military the representative said that result of misunderstanding, demoralizing effect of quiet night departure on Afghan soldiers was clear.”

The report scrutinizes the many ways in which paranoia and lack of Ghani of planning contributed to the downfall of the country’s armed forces and, ultimately, Ghani government.

Ghani knew absolutely nothing about the state of his own military Report found just realizing in in final a month before the Taliban took over country to which the United States has provided almost all for Afghan forces, except men engage in combat. increasingly distrustful of United States and paranoid that the West is plotting to replace him, Ghani has shrunk his inner circle by replacing young generation of US-trained Afghan officers with loyalists.

“Only after President Biden on April 14, 2021 announcement of in final date of withdrawal of troops and contractors, what is it senior President Ghani’s adviser and inner circle said they realized ANDSF lacked supply and logistics capabilities,” the inspector said. general wrote. “Although the Afghan government acted in This way for almost 20 years, their awareness came only 4 months before its collapse.”

“The old guard of communists

A week before autumn of Kabul, Ghani established the “old guard of communists” for almost the entire army corps, removing junior officers.

At that time, the Taliban controlled five of 34 provinces of Afghanistan. In a few days they will take over almost throughout the country, reaching the highest point in autumn of Kabul on August 15. Whatever his motives, Afghan and US officials believed Ghani’s leadership. changes also played a fundamental role in collapse of Afghan military, according to the report.

Inspector general wrote that some Afghan and US officials believed that Kabul would not have fallen if Ghani had stayed in capital. The commander of the Afghan squadron told investigators that he had arrived in Kabul ready to defend the capital with dozen attack helicopters and 17 pilots. But once Ghani escaped, “self-preservation instincts took over”, and the squadron commander said that anyone who could fly the plane escaped to neighboring countries, according to the report.

First on CNN: USA left behind    $7 billion of military equipment in    Afghanistan after troop withdrawal in 2021, Pentagon report saysFirst on CNN: USA left behind    $7 billion of military equipment in    Afghanistan after troop withdrawal in 2021, Pentagon report says

Interim report requested by congressional committees, also sought to appreciate how many from USA equipment fell into the hands of Taliban.

Inspector general wrote that the status of provided by the USA equipment remains mostly unknown. The Pentagon estimates $7.1 billion. of Afghan security forces equipment stayed in Afghanistan in various states of repairs after US withdrawal last August. “We do not have complete the picture is obviously of where each article of defense materials gone but of course fair amount of he fell into the hands of arms of Taliban, USA national the security adviser told the inspector general.

The Department of Defense told Congress in March it was estimated that 78 aircraft, more than 9500 air- ground ammunition, over 40 000 vehicles, more more than 300,000 weapons and night vision devices and others equipment we left behind in Afghanistan. The plane that remained in According to a Pentagon report, Hamid Karzai International Airport in Afghanistan has been “demilitarized and disabled.”

The interim report concludes with a warning in the USA government.

“Unless the US government understands and respects for what went wrongwhy did it go wrongand how It’s gone wrong in Afghanistan is likely to repeat the same mistakes in in next conflict,” the inspector said. general wrote.


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Tyler Hromadka
Tyler Hromadka
Tyler is working as the Author at World Weekly News. He has a love for writing and have been writing for a few years now as a free-lancer.

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