UK could be world leader in cultured meat production post-Brexit, outflanking the EU to bring greetings-tech products for market quickly, industry leaders say.
Cultured meat is grown from animal cells in a bioreactor that can run on 100% renewable energy, thereby limiting greenhouse gas emissions and animal cruelty.
EU certificates for products for in technology will take up up to three years, but the laboratory meat sector hopes that post- Brexit White Paper on in national food strategy due in May can speed up the process in the UK.
Numbers in £1.9 billion global industry says they have already there were meetings with UK Food Standards Agency on in post-Brexit regulatory framework for products.
In Singapore where the products made from cultured meat already on sale, the evaluation process takes 9 to 12 months.
“Of course there is a possibility for UK to become one of main innovation centers for these varieties of novel technologiesRobert Jones, head of Cellular agriculture in Europe trade The association told The Guardian.
UK is big market and every company will see this as an incredible business opportunity,” Jones said. who is an also supervisor for Dutch startup Mosa Meat.
The company hopes to find regulatory OK for two beef products later than this year. Peter Verstraete, its co-founder, said the UK “would at least year forthcoming of EU” in bringing products to market if he accepted six- to the nine-month evaluation period.
past year The chairperson of the UK Food Standards Agency, Professor Susan Jebb, described lab-grown meat as one of ” new innovations that can help us change course” from climate catastrophe. Lens of environmental sustainability” could apply to novel “safe and sustainable food,” she suggested.
A spokesman for Defra said: “We want create best possible environment for innovators, investors and consumers, and encourage safe innovation in sustainable protein sector.
EU regulatory process can be lengthy in part because approval from experts is required of all 27 member countries.
Edward Bray, Press Secretary for The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) stressed that its scientific assessments took place for nine months – although hours on this may be stopped “if further data or clarifications are obtained”. required”.
In addition, the timing of the approval “is in arms of EU legislators who are responsible for in regulatory processes,” he said. “This is outside competence of EFSA.
EFSA ability come back to business with follow-up questions a few months after application made investments and operations decisions very difficult,” said Russ Tucker, co-founder of ivy farm that plans submit for OK of minced meat production line in Great Britain is year.
“While I’m waiting for a decision, how can i then build facility, engage capital, hire people, and negotiate supplies with supermarkets and restaurants? very hard to make these business decisions when there is no transparency on how Appendix moving through the process,” he said.
“There is big possibility for UK to think about how do something differently than in the EU,” he said. added.
About quarter of in the worldGHG emissions in Russia are related to agriculture, mainly livestock. Lab-grown meat can significantly reduce This, according to the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Changing of the climate – with some studies predicting emission reductions of up up to 80%.
But the food safety will be critical because new technologies lift up new risks. Cells used to produce cultured meat can be infected or suffer from “dysregulation” as it happens with cancer cells, after multiplying many times.
technologybioreactors also energy intensive and with electric vehicles, etc. use of fossil fuel energy systems will limit emission reductions.
A recent report from think tank IPES-Food said claims that lab-grown meat is sustainable were “limited and speculative.” Paper also rejected the assumption that technology could help feed more rich world population of up up to 10 billion by 2050.
“I will [also] be concerned that the majority of data on [product] safety come from the firms themselves,” said Professor Philip Howard, IPES-Food expert. “Not enough independent research. This is very new technology and frankly, it’s not commercially viable. There are no way make money on it’s so stressful for regulatory approval is premature.
Claire Oxborrow of Friends of Earth added: “This is technology it’s still in is in its infancy and raises many questions, including who owns and benefits from it.
Meat processors such as JBS, Tyson and Cargill are increasingly investing in startup sector, according to IPES-Food, but states are getting in on deed too.
Dutch last month government invested 60m euros (51m pounds) in cell farming technology shortly after moving to allow tastings of killless tech. In Israel, a consortium of clean meat has appeared. also received $18 million (£14 million) government grant.