Akl Takht want the organ removed from the golden temple in The next Three years. Gianni Harpreet Singh, Gathidar of Akal Takht, recently requested by the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (SGPC) work Towards ensuring that the deadline is met.
On May 21, the Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee (DSGMC) set its own target phase out The organ is as requested by all Sikh Rajis in Delhi to switch to traditional Stringed instruments.
What is it behind Pushing Sikh bodies to ensure This kirtan, or singing of Gurbani, accompanied only traditional Instruments, and why harmonies on the receiving end?
Date of organ
Boy in Europe in In the eighteenth century, the organ went through many design tweaks To become the tool that we are know today.
The first It is believed that the prototype was built Written by Christian Gottlieb Kratzenstein, professor of University Physiology of Copenhagen. Adjustments followed, and in 1842, French inventor Alexandre Depin received a patent for his invention design They called it “harmonium”. This was a foot-pumped organ. It was brought to India by Western traders or missionaries in last part of nineteenth century.
according to website of Union Ministry of Culture, the Indian organ was hand-pumping designed By Dwarkanath Ghose in Kolkata in 1875.
The handles of the drone were added To the instrument to produce harmonies in Indian classic music. variable scale technique It was also added.
By 1915, India had become leading the creator of The organ, the instrument has become an integral part of Indian music. organ of Today can play up to 12 sours and 22 shritis.
However, section of Indian classic music Scientists continued to note that the organ was not capable of this perform All Raagas correctly and hit all the classic notes with The limit of perfection.
Buy now | for us best Subscription plan now has special price
In the golden temple
It is not clear when exactly the organ entered the Golden Temple. It is believed that he was there from the beginning of twenty century.
a drawing of Congregation at Harmandir Sahib by William Carpenter from 1854 shows kirtan . is performed with Only chord instrument, bass and tabla-like An instrument called a jori – there is no organ.
However, now it is difficult to portray Gurmat Sangeet performance Without organ.
in fact out of 105 Raji Jathas (Chorus) Hired by SGPC, 100 perform kirtan with Organ. Five Gathas with Knowledge of traditional It was a stringed instrument or Tanti Saaz added Just in Last few years.
It is said that the organ was played in Harmandir Sahib for The first the time in 1901 or 1902. There are kirtani jathas that use Both the organ and the string instrument, come up with very good Presentations,” Dr. Alankar Singh, Punjabi University, Patiala, professor who I majored in Classical Hindu music and Gurmat Sangeet, he said.
Opposition to Sikh scholars
a group of worlds of Gurmat Sangeet, The Sikh Tradition That Has Similarities with Indian classic musicThe organ is believed to be “imposed” by the British.
They think the organ allows Rajis to hide their flaws, while Tanti Saz asks more discipline. These scholars say that the organ allows Gurbani singers are less talented to become Rajis in Harmandir Sahib, which in In turn, it affects the quality of Kirtan.
Over the years, many Sikh Rajis have had also faced Cash for trying to introduce an item of Entertainment for what the Sikh clergy considered a strict spiritual discipline. SGPC has warned even Rajis against Away from the mentioned Raagas in Guru Granth Sahib while performing Shabad Kirtan. In Guru Granth Sahib, every Shabad is associated with a dance.
But it is not easy to replace it
SGPC will not find it easy phase out a tool that was a part of Ecosystem Gurmat Sangeet for over a century. There is a lot generations of sikh who grow up Listen to the organ as part of Gurmat Sangeet. There are rajas who trained for years in discipline. Harmonium and tabla training classes are the norm in most gurdwaras in India and abroad.
Many Sikh scholars opposed Akl Takht call I think that should the focus on Biology of stringed instruments instead of Organ removal. other sidehowever, argue that it is dominant of The organ that marginalized my Tanti Saz in The first place. that they also pointing to how The Namdari sect avoided playing the organ in 1970s, and moved entirely to use of Stringed instruments.
the news | Click to get today best commentators in your inbox