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Dissident deputies votes does not count, Article 63(A) cannot be interpreted in isolation: SC

Supreme Court of Pakistan building. – SK website

ISLAMABAD: Mainly developmentSupreme Court of Pakistan on Tuesday ruled that votes of dissidents of parliament (deputies), composition against their parliamentary party data cannot be counted.

Court passing judgment on Presidential Request for Interpretation of Article 63(A) of Constitution related to the defection of deputies, said the law could not be interpreted in isolation.

The top of the court is wrapped up hearing of appeal today, which was filed by President Arif Alvi on March 21. Hearings continued for 58 days from submission.

Asked Questions in Reference

  • Is it possible to allow deserted parliamentarians vote?
  • There will be defecting deputies vote be of equal weight?
  • Can deputies who deserted be disqualified? for a life?
  • Other measures that can be taken to contain vote-purchase?

In a split 3:2 decision, there are three judges – the chief judge of Pakistan Umar Ata Bandial, Judge Ijazul Ahsan and Judge Muneeb Akhtar agreed that votes should do not count.

Meanwhile, Judge Jamal Mandokhail and Judge Mazhar Alam Khan Miankhel disagreed with verdict.

Is it possible to allow deserted parliamentarians vote?

SC stated that first transaction issues with “an appropriate approach to interpreting and applying of Article 63(A) of Constitution”.

On this bench ruled that “the provision cannot be read and applied in isolation and in way, as if he were aloof or indifferent to everything that is provided in Constitution”.

“Article 63(A) also cannot be understood and applied in terms of of member who It has earned condemnation and face legal censure as a turncoat from outside reason of his act or vote (or abstention from voting) in the opposite way to required of him in accordance with paragraph (1) of this. Quicker, in This true point of view, this article is an expression in the constitution itself of certain aspects of fundamental rights that belong in political parties under paragraph (2) of Article 17,” the verdict says.

The Court stated that the two provisions are interrelated. He explained that Article 63(A) was intended to “protect and ensure constant coherence ofpolitical parties in legislative arena. This is added that the parties act “are the principal actors” in parliamentary democracy.

“Political parties are an integral aspect of of bedrock on upon which our democracy rests. Their destabilization tends to shake the foundations, potentially endangering democracy itself. in danger,” the verdict reads.

bench also declared that defection could “delegitimize parliamentary democracy itself”, adding that he condemned the act, which was “a cancer that strikes body political”.

“They cannot be approved,” the verdict says.

“It follows that Article 63(A) is to be interpreted in in a purposeful and determined manner that is in line with with its spirit and purpose. Ideally an article should No need be called at all; its very existence, brooding presence, should be sufficient.

In other words, true measure of its effectiveness lies in the fact that not a single member of a parliamentary party must always be declared a defector. Article 63(A) should therefore, it should be borne in mind that the interpretation and application in accordance with with and aligned as close as possible k, the ideal situation.

Verdict next added that “essence and substance of Article 63(A) aims to enforce the fundamental right of political parties in accordance with Article 17, which, in detail in in the legislative arena, respect their cohesion and protect them from unconstitutional and illegal encroachment, encroachment and undermining.

Therefore, it should be interpreted and applied in broad manner, consistent with basic rights. This is also it follows that if there is any conflict at all between fundamental rights of collective (i.e. political party) and its separate member is former it should prevail. first appropriate answer to the question.

There will be defecting deputies vote be of equal weight?

On the second question, bench rules in this is “viewMP vote throw in spite of party directions “cannot be counted and should be ignored”.

“It’s so independent of whether party head after such a vote takes or refrains from taking an action that result in statement of desertion. second the question referred to this court remains answered in the above terms”, the court said.

Can deputies who deserted be disqualified? for a life?

Answering the third question about disqualification of members, the highest court dismissed the PTI Plea’s claim, saving lawmakers from permanent exclusion from parliament.

bench said that in his opinion is a “declaration of desertion” under section 63(A) may be considered with “the relevant law made parliament.”

“While it for parliament to pass such legislation, it must be said that the time has come to pass such legislation. on charter book. If such legislation is passed, should No amount to a simple slap on wrist, but must be a reliable and proportionate response to the evil that it is. designed stop and eradicate,” the verdict says.

Other measures that can be taken to contain vote-purchase?

The fourth question, submitted by the President, was returned by the court, as “it is indicated in termsthat were “vague and too wide and general”.

Minority decision

The Minority Judgment rendered by Judges Mandohail and Mianchel noted that section 63(A) is “complete the code in itself, which provides a comprehensive procedure regarding desertion of member of Parliament and Its Consequences.

“Any further interpretation of Article 63(A) of Constitution, in our view would amount rewriting or reading the constitution and will also affect other provisions of A constitution that was not even requested by the president through this link.”

“So this is not our mandate. We do not see force in questions asked in this presidential recommendation that have been answered in negative. However, if Parliament deems it appropriate or appropriate, it may impose further prohibitions or restrictions on defectors,” the minority decision reads.


former led by PTI government decided to go to SC for clarity on Section 63(A) as multiple PTI legislators announced to vote on motion of no confidence against after prime minister Imran Khan – Violation of in party policy.

Despite them decision of not on the sidelines with their leader, nobody of PTI MNA dropped their votes of no-confidence against Khan as the then opposition already had required 172 votes oust him.

The help says government requested the opinion of the higher court on two interpretations of Article 63(A) and which one should be adopted and implemented to achieve the constitutional purpose of containment menace of desertion, cleansing of electoral process and democracy accountability.

The link states if the constitutional disapproval and ban against desertion was effectively enforced with containment for in future in addition, many such members will be disqualified for life under section 62(1)(f) and can never pollute democratic flows.

What is Article 63(A)?

Article 63(A) of Constitution of Pakistan deals with desertion of parliamentarians.

According to the article, the deputy can be disqualified on grounds of desertion if they vote or abstain from voting in House in spite of anyone direction issued by Parliament party to which they belong.

However, this is limited to three cases where they must follow in party directions:

  • Elections of in prime minister or boss minister;
  • Vote of confidence or vote of no-confidence;
  • Money Bill or Constitution Amendment Bill.

According to the article, head of in party is an required submit a written statement that the MNA concerned deserted.

However, prior to filing head of in party have to give MNA concerned a chance explain the reasons for desertion.

After that party chief then forward a written statement to the speaker, who would, in turn back, give over Chief Electoral Commissioner (CEC).

The CEC will have 30 days at its disposal to confirm declaration. After MNA confirmation concerned will no longer be a member of Chamber and their “seat becomes vacant”.

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Derrick Santistevan
Derrick Santistevan
Derrick is the Researcher at World Weekly News. He tries to find the latest things going around in our world and share it with our readers.

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