The People’s Bank of China published the first white paper of the digital yuan.
The information was released on July 16, 2021 through a working paper for the project of its digital currency, known as e-CNY. The document dates back to 2014 to explain the background, characteristics and development of the initiative that led to the progress of the digital currency. The financial institution explained that one of the main causes for creating the digital yuan was the appearance of cryptocurrencies, the risks and challenges that they transferred to the current financial system.
The PBoC wrote on this topic the following:
Adopting blockchain and encryption technology, cryptocurrencies like bitcoin are claimed to be decentralized and fully anonymous. However, given their intrinsic lack of value, sharp price fluctuations, low business efficiency, and huge energy consumption, they can hardly serve as currencies used in daily economic activities. Furthermore, cryptocurrencies are mostly speculative instruments and therefore pose potential risks to financial security and social stability.
Then Banco Popular China noted that the development of the digital yuan was focused on addressing concerns about the fluctuation of cryptocurrency prices. The financial entity pointed out that this situation caused some commercial institutions to launch stableicons, thereby attempting to stabilize their values by tying them to sovereign currencies or other related assets.
The Bank warns that some commercial institutions are thinking of launching global stableicons, which in his opinion, would bring risks and challenges to the international monetary system, as well as to the payment system and cross-border payments.
Statement of reasons for creation of digital currency
The first objective of this project, as stated in this document on page 4, is to diversify the forms of cash that the central bank provides to the public, satisfy the demand of digital cash and supporting financial inclusion.
As a second point, they will focus on supporting fair competition, efficiency and security. Retail payment service security. The text explains that this initiative is based on existing electronic payment technologies and complements the existing system.
Its third purpose is to echo the international initiative and explore improving cross-border payment. The report ensures that it is preparing to take this step by exploring pilot tests that have been designed for this purpose, working together with central banks and monetary authorities to establish exchange, agreements and regulatory cooperation mechanisms on online digital fiat currency.
Regarding the design of the plan, explain the following:
Those who do not have bank accounts can enjoy basic financial services provided through the digital currency wallet, and foreign residents temporarily traveling to China can open a wallet to meet daily payment needs without having to open an account in a commercial bank.
Later, the document refers to the protection of the rights and interests of consumers. It highlights that the authorized operators will adequately handle possible disputes and customer losses , in accordance with the relevant dispute resolution mechanisms.
The The report also addresses matters related to regulatory matters. It indicates that one of its objectives is based on establishing management for the business, clear requirements for operators, implementing laws and rules to strengthen the protection of users and create a safe environment for the use of digital currency.