Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II begins her reign in 1952, five years after India gained independence from the vast colonial empire he presided over. british monarch, who Die on Thursday pass the crown to son Charles, was known for his patronage of a special fondness for India. This bond has been strengthened proximity To Louis Mountbatten, last viceroy of India and her husband Prince Philip’s uncle who He led his nephew to the British royal family family.
While enjoying the warmth and hospitality of Indians people on These visits were not without the relationship of its dark spells that the Queen herself alluded to in words.
to her deathironically, came on indian day government He renamed the iconic Rajpath to Kartavya Path. The ceremonial avenue stretching from the Raisina Hill complex to India Gate began its journey as Kingsway, built After the imperial seat of The administration was moved from Calcutta to Delhi under the rule of Grandfather of Elizabeth, King George V in 1911. Kan on This street that the Queen and her husband Prince Philip attended India’s Republic Day parade as guests of honor during first Royal visit in 1961.
The queen is coming
Queen Elizabeth II has made three state visits to India. In January 1961, the Queen and her husbandthe late Prince Philip, toured Bombay, Madras, Calcutta (now Mumbai, Chennai, and Calcutta) and also Visit the Taj Mahal in pay and pay tribute To Mahatma Gandhi in the Rajat in New Delhi. This was it first A royal visit to India, seven years after her coronation in June 1953.
They were guests of Honored at the Republic Day Parade on the invitation of The then President, Dr. Rajendra Prasad. Still image from the tour shows The Queen addresses a large crowd of several thousand people Packed in the lands of Ramila in Delhi, with India first prime minister Nehru and Prince Philip also Present on Platform.
Thousands cheered and waved small media of Both countries The royal couple were congratulated by the mayor at the time of Delhi Sham Nath on a huge high pulpit in oriental style, with Indian festive wreaths. was the queen gifted Technical model of twelveth-century Qutb Minaret while the Duke of Edinburgh received a silver candlestick.
On January 27, 1961, she also The institute buildings were officially opened of All India Institute of Medical Sciences at a ceremony attended by then President Rajendra Prasad. AIIMS is established in 1956.
A plaque in memory of event still standing on Column inside JL Nehru Hall buildingAnd the on her diamond jubilee in 2016, some of Rare photos from her visit to the institute were displayed in Show hosted on Campus.
In 1983, Queen Elizabeth’s visit in time for Commonwealth Heads of Government meeting Mother Teresa has made a famous with Honorary Medal of merit.
to her final visit to India in It was 1997 to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of the festivities of India’s independence for The first time is made Referring to the difficult episodes of colonial history.
Jallianwala Bagh: Regret but no apology
British multi prime Ministers and envoys to India expressed “regret” over one of The bloodiest episode of the British Empire in India laid wreaths in Amritsar at the scene of Notorious massacre of unarmed civilians. But there is no representative of crown or government Issue a direct apology for Jallianwala Bagh massacre of 1919.
Queen Elizabeth referred to the massacre, which Mahatma Gandhi described as “shaking the foundations”. of British Empire, during her visit to India in 1997.
“it’s not secret That there were some tough episodes in our past. Jallianwala Bagh is a sad example. in address of her banquet.
she and she husband He later paid a visit to the scene of carnage in Amritsar for place Wreath at the monument amidst large-scale invitations for Apology for Thousands were killed during a gathering of Besakhi on orders of General Dyer on April 13, 1919.
Sukumar Mukherjee, secretary of Confidence that cares of Jallianwala Bagh memorial, remembers the Queen visiting the place and making the payment tribute to me deadbut stop of Make an apology.
Many expected her to apologize then on In my name or for me of her country, but this did not happen. Instead, an insensitive comment was received made By Prince Philip, questioning the death toll of The massacre, upset many Indians.
But Mukherjee says The visit itself was important. “I think when she came to Jallianwala Bagh here she was respecting the martyrs and she is also note a minute of Silence. It’s not an afterthought that the Queen of A country does that and I think it was more of apology” news PTI Agency.
But for Mahesh Bihal, whose grandfather Lala Hari Ram Bihal was murdered in Jallianwala Bagh, this gesture came to nothing.
“the visit of the Queen in 1997 to Jallianwala Bagh was meaningless without her expression of Apology. During her visit to place of martyrs should You have directly She made an apology but never did.” says.
“when I arrived in India in 1997, big group of families of Freedom fighters from Amritsar went to Rajghat in Delhi, where we all sat on a hunger She would hit without apology that her visit to Amritsar remain Bihal remembers.
In April 1919, when the centenary of Carnage observed, UK government Putting a mark “financial Archaeology ” one of Factors she had to consider while considering the demands for A formal apology.
Then the British Foreign Office minister Mark Field said during an interview on The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre at Westminster Hall in the home of Commons complicated that while it was important to draw a line past over “The Shameful Episode” in historyRepeatedly issuing apologies for events Came related to the British Raj with Their own problems.
“I have slightly orthodox opinions on british colony past. I feel a little reluctant to apologise for The things that happened in The past… there also related to anything government The department should make any apologies, as there may be financial Implications for an apology,” he said.
“I feel like we might underestimate the currency of We apologize if we see that we offer it for Much much more events. “
Search for Kohinoor
The death of Queen Elizabeth has also ignited demand for back of Kohinoor diamonds to India. with her son Prince Charles succeeding the throne, the 105-carat sunken diamond in history will go to his wife the duchess of Cornwall Camilla who She is now the Queen Consort.
Koh-i-Noor, or mountain of Light, is a large colorless diamond was found in south india in 14 early century. The precious jewel, which came into the hands of the British during the colonial era, is the subject of Historic property dispute claimed by at least four countriesincluding India.
The Kohinoor diamond was “handed over” by the Maharaja of Lahore to the then Queen of England and ‘not delivered overFor the British for nearly 170 years, the Archaeological Survey of India responded to RTI’s query a few years ago.
However, the Indian government’s position in The Supreme Court was that the diamond is estimated to cost over $200 million, she wasn’t stolen nor “forcibly” by British rulers but was given to the East India Company by previous rulers of Punjab.
in this book squeeze out of the darknessShashi Tharoor noted that it was once promoted as the world’s largest diamond weighing 793 carats or 158.6 grams. thought that the diamond was first Mined near Guntur in Andhra Pradesh by the Kakatiya dynasty in Thirteenth century.
Of which original Glory of 158 carats, diamonds shortened down So far it is 105 carats over the centuries. Tharoor observes the famous jewel’s journey through the Royal Hands as it passes from Kakatiyas in From the Deccan to Delhi Sultan Alauddin Khilji and then to the Mughal Empire. I arrived in Afghanistan with Persian invader Nadir Shah.
Legend has it that he was Nader Shah who The diamond is called the Koh-i-Noor. Passed through different strains before landing in The possession of Sikh Maharaja of Punjab, Ranjit Singh, in 1809, noted Tharoor.
He claims that Ranjit Singh’s successor could not stand it on His kingdom was defeated by the British in Two wars. “That was when the Koh-i-Noor fell into the hands of the British.”
Tharoor formulated a poignant argument in favor of Diamonds return to India and made critical Notes against british colony history. “The Koh-i-Noor brag on The Queen Mother’s crown in the tower of London powerful remind of The grievances he commits former imperial power. Until it is returned at least as a token gesture of fulfill penance remain Evidence of The looting, looting and embezzlement that colonialism was really about.”
Note author and historian William Dalrymple in writing, Kohinoor This Sikh child heir Dulip Singh regretted handing the jewel to Queen Victoria.
“I’d like give a good Dealing with knots again in my hand. I was just a child, an infant, when I was forced to give it up by treaty… Now that I’m a man, I would like to have it in Mine power to me place by myself in Her Majesty’s hand.”
The government she has made stimulate for Kohinoor’s Return on several occasions with one As early as 1947. However, the British government over The years have rejected the claims.
On his visit to India in July 2010, then the United Kingdom prime minister David Cameron said, “If you say yes one You suddenly find that the British Museum will be empty. I’m afraid to say, he should stay where he is.”
those who Connected for Diamonds are allowed back down in 2016 when replying to public Litigating the interest and then the attorney general of India informed Ranjit Kumar Supreme Court that Koh-i-Noor was “voluntarily granted by Ranjit Singh to the British compensation for help in Sikh wars.” “Kohinoor is not stolen object,” he said.
Then Culture Minister Mahesh Sharma later ruled out Any action taken by his ministry to achieve it back The famous diamond, it says so if any call on The matter must be taken, it will be at the diplomatic level.
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