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A big battle is expected on LEO broadband, with the Chinese attacking with 6G

Americans are not only leading in terms of the number of satellites, but the gap is widening thanks to Elon Musk’s Starlink

According to the Union of Concerned Scientists database. Of the 4,550 satellites in operation, 2,788 are U.S.-owned, 431 Chinese and 167 Russian. More than a quarter of that was put into orbit this year, with 891 of the 1,178 new spacecraft shipped by the United States. The U.S. satellite fleet is predominantly commercial and 85 percent privately owned, with other military, civilian and government projects operating

The largest contributor was Starlink, which launched another 13 satellites earlier this month – it was its 25th mission this year – bringing its total satellite stock to 1,800. The service has about 140,000 users in 20 countries with 750,000 pre-orders, the company said recently. followed. It plans two state-owned satellite fleets, the larger of which will be operated by the new national satellite company, China Satellite Network, which was founded just seven months ago. According to the spectrum reports submitted to the ITU, the company, commonly known as China SatNet, plans to set up a constellation of 12 992.

The timetable for launching the first satellite is unclear, as is the funding and corporate structure. However, analysts point out that the company ranks 24th in the ranking of national state-owned companies, just behind the three major service providers (and ahead of the already licensed China Broadcast Network), which makes it clear how important state leaders attach to it.

One of the problems slowing down the company is the lack of start-up capacity. Chinese missiles can usually only launch two to three satellites at a time, and the peak load is ten. The U.S. Falcon 9 missile can carry dozens, a record 143 in January this year, and the Russian Soyuz missile more than 30.

However, this is beginning to change as the state eased its missile and its monopoly over satellite production, and new entrants have entered the market. This has freed up a flood of money in the private space industry, writes scmp.com. Last year, private space companies raised more than 10 billion yuan ($ 1.6 billion) in funds, compared to 1.4 billion yuan ($ 219 million) in 2016.

Analysts say China is important maintains satellite broadband in the Zone Road Initiative, an ambitious plan to provide infrastructure to developing countries in Asia and Africa. However, China’s strategic priority is the integration of 5G and 6G satellite, which could be a much bigger deal in the long run. Terrestrial-satellite integration is expected to be a key feature of 6G, making global mobile coverage truly ubiquitous. According to official media, China has completed early testing of 5G satellite integration for a national emergency service

In addition, several 6G satellite programs are underway, including the Chinese University of Electronics and Technology in Chengdu in southwest China. , which, according to the Wall Street Journal, built an early prototype that supports downlink connections of up to 1 Tbit / s. This suggests that 6G competition in space could be as fierce as terrestrial competition.

According to space policy researcher Namrata Goswami, companies and countries that occupy early orbital slots will be the ones that set rules and standardize the functioning of the market. “Once you are the first country to do this, you set the global standards, you set the rules,” he told The Wall Street Journal.

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Sandra Loyd
Sandra is the Reporter working for World Weekly News. She loves to learn about the latest news from all around the world and share it with our readers.

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